Culturally based beliefs about gender roles influence women's sexual behavior and their ability to protect themselves from unwanted sexual experiences. Studying the beliefs that influence women's behavior at sexual debut helps contextualize unwanted sexual intercourse.
The data were analyzed for common themes, and quotations were chosen to illustrate those themes. Focus group participants perceived that men have
Brazilian sexual behavior urgent need for sex. This perception caused women to fear abandonment, anger or violence if they refused to
Brazilian sexual behavior sex with their partner. The participants believed that women had to act passive the first time they had sex because taking the initiative for example, by asking their partner to practice contraception would lead him to accuse them of having previous sexual experience.
Oklahoma unemployment frequently asked questions
Also, they believed they had to say
Brazilian sexual behavior to sex under all circumstances to protect their reputation. To decrease the occurrence of unwanted intercourse, interventions must address the social expectations that influence men's and women's sexual behavior.
The great majority of reproductive health research assumes that, except in the case of rape, sexual intercourse is voluntary and wanted. Although the Demographic and Health Survey DHS questionnaire asks whether the intercourse reported by a woman was involuntary, it does not ask if the intercourse was wanted.
Researchers have found that rape accounts for only a small percentage of women's experiences of unwanted sexual intercourse.
Brazilian sexual behavior experiences are shaped by beliefs about gender roles and clouded by ambiguous communication.
Sexual negotiation and communication take place within the context of culture-based beliefs about sexual functioning. Therefore, identifying these beliefs is critical to understanding how and perhaps why control is or is not exercised by women.
Brazil provides an interesting case study of sexual experiences because its culture is traditionally patriarchal, grounded in Catholicism and machismo, and yet in juxtaposition to these generally repressive doctrines,
Brazilian sexual behavior women are seen as very sensual.
Nevertheless, Brazilian women's voices regarding their own sexual desires and experiences
Brazilian sexual behavior largely missing. The meaning of sexual intercourse changes significantly over the life course. In order to deal with moderately comparable events, this study focuses on women's first vaginal intercourse when it occurs outside of marriage.
While in the pursuit of other research interests, a number of investigators in Brazil have found evidence of negative sexual experiences for women. Breast-feeding women refused sexual advances by stating that semen would poison the breast milk.
Sexual behavior among high school...
One middle-class participant said, "If I
Brazilian sexual behavior I have a headache, he understands….
But if we always say no, we'll lose our husband[s]" [author's translation]. In Brazil, one's sexual debut marks the transition to womanhood. The Brazilian DHS showed that 1. Of 45 sexually active women aged 14—17 interviewed in a midsized city in
Brazilian sexual behavior Gerais, five said they neither liked nor disliked their sexual debut, four disliked it and six had not wanted to have sexual intercourse at that point in time.
These studies demonstrate that women's agency at sexual debut in Brazil demands further attention. Studying female sexual agency at sexual debut requires relying on participants' accounts of their experiences since the event under study is by its very nature hidden. Furthermore, the event is always recounted retrospectively, introducing the bias inherent in recall.
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Therefore, I used focus groups to capture what women perceive as normal at sexual debut. While negotiation can involve contraceptive use or what sexual behaviors to engage in, this article deals with the negotiations regarding whether to engage in sexual intercourse. This study was conducted in in Belo Horizonte, the capital of the state of Minas Gerais, and Recife, the capital of the state of Pernambuco.
Both cities are large metropolitan areas—the fourth and eighth largest cities in the country, respectively. The two cities provide an interesting comparison between the wealthier, industrial southeast Belo Horizonte and the more impoverished, agrarian northeast
Brazilian sexual behavior. Participants were recruited at locations where they lived, worked or obtained services within the city limits of the two sites.
Respondents were recruited from public health posts in slums, college preparatory facilities, community activity centers, university classes and personal networks. Within each city, the sample was divided between lower-income and middle-income, as well as 18—year-olds and 30—year-olds to capture the sexual experiences of two different generations. The focus groups were stratified according to socioeconomic status and age to maintain homogeneity within groups.
Socioeconomic status was based on self-reported neighborhood of residence and age. The 18—year-olds had completed an average of Most of the participants were white or mixed race, with a minority identifying as black. Institutional review board approval for fieldwork was obtained from the University of Texas at Austin. All of the focus groups took place in Portuguese, and were moderated by a native speaker as the author observed and took notes.
After the guidelines had been pilot tested and the questions modified accordingly, 24 focus groups were held—12 in each city, with an average of six participants each. On average, the focus groups met for two hours. All discussions were tape-recorded and later transcribed by a native Portuguese speaker, and all of the analysis was done in Portuguese.
The author created the codes, coded the data and analyzed the data. The key themes are summarized below, illustrated with quotes. The quotes that appear below were translated by the author and were not back-translated. The moderator is designated by the letter M and the various participants by P, P1, P2 and so on. Women's "Brazilian sexual behavior" of men's sexual needs and
Brazilian sexual behavior men would likely react if those needs were not met are a critical aspect of the sexual interaction.
The most prevalent belief held by women was that all men need sex and would therefore abandon a woman, or in some instances resort to violence, if she did not agree to have sex. One of the most common assumptions voiced by the women was that men need frequent sexual activity. And when he wants it, we have to give it to him. Look, the majority of men are scoundrels…. I don't trust my boyfriend. I love him, I think he's the man of my life. And I say to him that I don't trust him.
I know that he could find another woman, you know? Now I'm really scared that he'll find someone else to satisfy him, you know? For some participants, the belief that men need sex meant that they tolerated an unfaithful partner in order to preserve their virginity. Yeah, he really did. He got tired of threatening me.
Brazilian sexual behavior leave me at home and go looking out
Brazilian sexual behavior the street [for a prostitute]…. But, as they say, love is blind, right? He'd go looking for his women in the street and…the following day,
Brazilian sexual behavior be at my house, hugging me and kissing me. Changes in sexual behavior following...
What happened was that you were scared of losing him, the loss. Sometimes, lots of times, you're with a guy, sometimes you like him so much but sometimes because of the threats, you are scared to lose him, and there's where you give in. But I fought all the time with him. I said, "You go take a bath in alcohol from your head to your toes" [because you've been with a prostitute].
Brazilian sexual behavior want to date me direito [correctly], you respect me, don't pass the limit.
That the partners of the participants quoted above were having sex with other women did not seem to challenge the participants' place in the relationship. Rather, this was a way for women to maintain their virginity in the face of men's perceived need for sex. Although the belief that men need sex was a near-universal theme across all the focus groups, lower- and
Brazilian sexual behavior 18—year-olds from both cities challenged the legitimacy of this idea.
The fear of being abandoned for another woman was the reason most frequently cited for engaging in sexual intercourse by the participants in
Brazilian sexual behavior cities and across socioeconomic and age divisions.
She liked him and wanted to stay with him no matter what. She thought that this was a good idea…. She did it to satisfy him. She didn't think about her own pleasure. She had sex to hold on to him. He won't go looking for someone else. Women are very scared.
I think that they are very scared, very insecure. They think, "If I don't [have sexual intercourse], I will lose him, whom I like so much. It's because women think like this, "Gosh, if I say no to him, he'll get upset," because
Brazilian sexual behavior are lots of women who are scared of losing the guy they like…. Lots of women pass through this. Although respondents said men do threaten to abandon their partners, women often had sex out of fear of abandonment even when the men did not voice any explicit threat.
Another prevalent belief among the respondents was that sexual denial would provoke a man's anger. Do women think about what the guy will do if they say no when things are progressing to sexual intercourse? Many [women] don't end things [the sexual encounter]; they let it roll so that he doesn't get
Brazilian sexual behavior. Fear of physical violence was cited as a reason to engage in sex even if women did not want to.
This fear was most often voiced by older, lower-income focus group respondents. It's because we know the temperament of our partners. So a woman
Brazilian sexual behavior say no because she knows that he will react in an aggressive manner.
Although lower-income participants were more likely than middle-income participants to relate having experienced violence or knowing someone who
Brazilian sexual behavior experienced violence the first time they had sex, they were also more likely than middle-income participants to relate stories of women challenging men's attempts at forcing them to have sex. Connect With Us
Women anticipated abandonment, anger or violence as a consequence of not having sexual intercourse; this reaction was accepted
Brazilian sexual behavior understood, largely, because of men's perceived need for sex. In Brazil, a man's support and protection greatly increases women's access to social status, financial well-being and protection from other men's sexual advances in the public sphere. The dynamic at sexual debut is only partially explained by looking at women's expectations of male behavior.
Women's expectations of themselves are equally important. Rev Saude Publica. Jun;42 Suppl [Sexual behavior and practices among men and women, Brazil and ]. [Article in Portuguese]. IDepartament of Disease and Non-Communicable Condition Surveillance and Health Promotion, Ministry of Health - Brasília (DF), Brazil. IIGrupo de Pesquisa.
Sexual behavior among high school students in Brazil: alcohol consumption and legal and illegal drug use associated with unprotected sex. Zila M. Sanchez,I.
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